Friday, November 3, 2017


1. Recently State-owned oil firms IOC, BPCL and HPCL signed an agreement to jointly set up the world's largest refinery and petrochemical complex in:
a) Maharashtra
b) Gujarat
c) Rajasthan
d) Karnataka

2. Recently in an attempt to reduce the number of deaths of endangered wildlife in Thar Desert, new "rescue wards" have come up in the far-flung rural areas of Jodhpur. Thar Desert does not lie in:
a) Gujarat
b) Haryana
c) Madhya Pradesh
d) Punjab

3. Recently Reserve Bank of India has put which bank under prompt corrective action (PCA) due to a sharp increase in bad loans?
a) Union Bank of India
b) Central Bank of India
c) United Bank of India
d) IDBI Bank

4. Recently India has decided for the first time to place a dedicated cell to promote investments of which country in India?
a) Canada
b) USA
c) Australia
d) Russia

5. The National Physical Laboratory (NPL), part of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research and the only agency in India that is authorised to maintain Indian Standard Time (IST). It is located in:
a) Mumbai
b) Allahabad
c) New Delhi
d) Kolkata

6. Recently a team of experts at the Indian Institute of Technology - Kharagpur has fashioned a hybrid material based on silk protein called:
a) Silk Lyptonn
b) Silk Fibroin
c) Silk Ranyon
d) Silk Tinyton

7. Recently the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched 'IDCF' in order to intensify efforts to reduce child deaths due to:
a) Diphtheria
b) Tuberculosis
c) Diarrhoea
d) Tetanus

8. Who has been appointed as India's ambassador to the European Union (EU) in June 2017?
a) Gaitri Issar Kumar
b) Ajit Vinayak Gupte
c) Reenat Sandhu
d) Ranjan Deepak

9. The government is set to roll out the 'Mission Parivar Vikas' programme to improve family planning services in how many districts of India?
a) 56
b) 78
c) 104
d) 146

10. Name the 1st Indian woman who has been elected as member of International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS)?
a) Sumedha Puri
b) Anandita Razdan
c) Koel Agrahari
d) Neeru Chadha

11. Recently Anglo American's diamond unit De Beers launched the world's largest diamond exploration vessel off the coast of:
a) South Africa
b) Chile
c) Namibia
d) Egypt

12. Recently the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) approved it's firstever equity investment, worth .......... to catalyze private capital for infrastructure projects in India.
a) $ 70 million
b) $110 million
c) $150 million
d) $230 million

13. Who was the first Indian woman driver competed in one of the highest classes of Formula racing in the country at the upcoming JK Tyre-FMSCI National racing championship?
a) Radha Menon
b) Aprajita Sehgal
c) Mira Erda
d) Ritu Das

14. According to the study by UK-based Money Super Market what is the present rank of India in survey of nations with the lowest global environmental impact?
a) 34th
b) 46th
c) 57th
d) 75th

15. Who is not among the three countries that will participate in Malabar 2017, a joint midsummer exercise aimed at addressing shared threats to maritime security in the Indo-Asia Pacific region?
a) Japan
b) USA
c) Indonesia
d) India

16. David Grossman has won the Man Booker International Prize for his novel "A Horse walks into a bar". David Grossman belongs to:
a) Uganda
b) Canada
c) Australia
d) Israel

17. Recently the government, through a notification amending a prevention of money laundering law, has made it mandatory to provide Aadhaar to open a bank account and to conduct a transaction of ......... or more.
a) Rs.20,000
b) Rs.50,000
c) Rs.1,00,000
d) Rs.2,50,000

18. According to Environment Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan, India is committed to achieve Land Degradation Neutrality by the year:
a) 2020
b) 2025
c) 2030
d) 2050

19. Recently which of the following country ratified automatic exchange of financial account information with India and 40 other jurisdictions to facilitate immediate sharing of details on suspected black money?
a) Belarus
b) Switzerland
c) Russia
d) USA

20. In order to boost G&J sector in the region Gem & Jewellery Training Institute, a first of its kind in Southern India is to be set up in:
a) Kochi
b) Palakkad
c) Udupi
d) Mangalore

21. In an attempt to keep India's regional navigation satellite system fully operational, ISRO is preparing to launch a back-up for IRNSS-1A, one of the seven satellites in the constellation. What is the name of its regional navigation satellite system?
b) NavIC
c) Galileo
d) None of the above

22. Recently which of the following countries's scientists have found that using blue-green algae and light to trigger photosynthesis could help treat cardiac disease, the top cause of death globally?
a) Japan
b) Germany
c) USA
d) China

23. Recently P.N.Bhagwati passed away. He was the:
a) Former Chief Election Commissioner of India
b) Former Chief Justice of India
c) Former Indian cricket test team captain
d) First Chief Information Commissioner of India

24. Gorkha Janmukti Morcha has been in the news, because it has been campaigns for the creation of a separate state Gorkhaland within India, out of districts in the north of which of the following states of India?
a) Tamil Nadu
b) West Bengal
c) Uttar Pradesh
d) Madhya Pradesh

25. Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State (Independent charge) for Culture & Tourism launched the implementation of the ''National Mission on Cultural Mapping of India' at:
a) Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
b) Chitradurga, Karnataka
c) Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu
d) Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh

26. How many new Post Office Passport Seva Kendras (POPSKs) has been launched by Government of India in June 2017?
a) 50
b) 149
c) 100
d) 500

27. Which is the country's first public transport system to reserve jobs for members of the third gender people in June 2017?
a) Kolkata Metro
b) Hyderabad Metro
c) Kochi Metro
d) Delhi Metro

28. Sardar Sarovar Dam is being built on which of the following rivers?
a) Tapi
b) Krishna
c) Narmada
d) Godavari

29. Which of the following states of India is poised to fortify its position as the "Tiger State of India" with major reserves indicating an increase in the tiger population as per the annual census completed recently?
a) Karnataka
b) Assam
c) Gujarat
d) Rajasthan

30. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has progressed to the testing of subsystems in the development of a semi-cryogenic engine for rockets with heavier payload capacity. The semi-cryogenic engine uses a combination of which of the following as propellants?
a) Liquid oxygen (LOX)
b) Refined kerosene (Isrosene)
c) Solid lithium (SLM)
d) Both (a) and (b)

31. Who among the following won the doubles title in the $60,000 ITF women's tennis tournament in June 2017?
a) Prarthana Thombare and Kotomi Takahata
b) Prarthana Thombare and Natcharee Teerachodjiranon
c) Prarthana Thombare and Yu-Yun Li
d) Prarthana Thombare and Natasha Sengphrachanh

32. Right to Information Act reveals that the Election Commission of India had ordered registration of FIR against the Chief Minister and others for alleged electoral malpractices during the Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar by-election of which of the following states?
a) Tamil Nadu
b) West Bengal
c) Goa
d) Karnataka

33. A Street in Thuruthi ward of Kasaragod municipality that was recently named 'Gaza', a reference to the disputed strip of land between which of the following countries?
a) Israel and Egypt
b) Israel and Syria
c) Israel and Libya
d) Israel and Jordon

34. Which among the following Palaces has becomes first Indian building to get trademark in June 2017?
a) Mysore Palace
b) Taj Mahal Palace
c) Nizam Palace
d) Raja Maharanjith Singh Palace

35. The 106th Session of International Labour Conference (ILC) was held from 5-16th June 2017 in:
a) USA
b) South Africa
c) Switzerland
d) Norway

36. How many member countries are there in the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank?
a) 80
b) 10
c) 50
d) 40

37. Reserve Bank of India said its internal advisory committee (IAC) had identified 12 accounts, which account for ........... % of non-performing assets of the Indian banking system for immediate resolution under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC).
a) 30
b) 25
c) 20
d) 15

38. The 'Make in India' initiative unveiled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, provided the supply side intervention(s) of which of the following?
a) FDI reforms
b) Ease of doing business
c) Scaling up physical infrastructure and competitive federalism
d) All of the above

39. Which among the following country's cricket team has won its maiden ICC Champion Trophy in June 2017?
a) India
b) England
c) Pakistan
d) South Africa

40. Who among the following won the Indonesia Open men's singles trophy in June 2017?
a) Sai Praneeth
b) Son Wan Ho
c) Kidambi Srikanth
d) Kazumasa Sakai

1-a, 2-c, 3-b, 4-d, 5-c, 6-b, 7-c, 8-a, 9-d, 10-d, 11-c, 12-c, 13-c, 14-d, 15-c, 16-d, 17-b, 18-c, 19-b, 20-c
21-b, 22-c, 23-b, 24-b, 25-a, 26-b, 27-c, 28-c, 29-a, 30-d,  31-a, 32-a, 33-a, 34-b, 35-c, 36-a, 37-b, 38-d, 39-c, 40-c


1. We cannot delete the ____ icon, but we can made it invisible.
a) Recycle    b) My Computer    c) Internet explorer    d) All the above    e) None of the above

2. What is the meaning of 'Hibernate' in Windows XP/ Windows 7?
a) Restart the computers in safe mode    b) Restart the computers in normal mode    c) Shutdown the computer terminating all the running applications    d) Shutdown the computer without closing the running applications    e) Restart the computers all the running applications

3. The RF communication can be broadly classified in how many types?
a) Three    b) Four     c) Two    d) Six    e) Ten

4. _____ is sometimes said to be object oriented, because the only way to manipulate kernel objects is by invoking methods on their handles.
a) Windows NT    b) Windows XP    c) Windows VISTA    d) Windows 95/98    e) Windows 7

5. Which of the following is not available on the Ruler of MS Word screen?
a) Tab stop box    b) Left Indent     c) Right Indent    d) Center Indent    e) All of them are available on ruler

6. In OSI network architecture, the dialogue control and token management are responsibility of __
a) session layer     b) network layer     c) transport layer     d) data link layer     e) None of the above

7. Which of the following case does not exist in complexity theory?
a) Best case     b) Worst case     c) Average case     d) Null case     e) All of the above

8. A computer program that converts an entire program into machine language is called a/ an
a) Interpreter     b) Simulator     c) Compiler     d) Commander     e) Proposer

9. Which of the following formulas will Excel not be able to calculate?
a) =SUM(Sales)−A3     b) =SUM(A1:A5)*.5     c) =SUM(A1:A5)/(10−10)      d) =SUM(A1:A5)−10
e) = SUM(A1:A5)−A5

10. What are plastic cards the size of a credit card that contains an embedded chip on which digital information can be stored?
a) Customer relationship management systems cards     b) E-government identity cards      c) FEDI cards
d) Smart cards      e) Aadhar card

11. What is the shortcut key you can press to create a copyright symbol?
a) Alt+Ctrl+C     b) Alt + C      c) Ctrl + C      d) Ctrl + Shift + C     e) Ctrl + Shift + D

12. During software development which factor is most crucial?
a) People     b) Process     c) Product     d) Project     e) Purpose

13. How many OSI layers are covered in the X.25 standard?
a) Two     b) Three     c) Seven     d) Six      e) eight

14. The transmission signal coding method of TI carrier is called ___
a) Bipolar     b) NRZ     c) Manchester     d) Binary     e) Bit

15. The idea of MFC document architecture was created by:
a) Microsoft     b) Oracle     c) Xerox     d) IBM     e) Java

16. What is the name of the display feature that highlights are of the screen which requires operator
a) Pixel      b) Reverse video      c) Touch screen     d) Cursor     e) Image

17. What kind of architecture does mobile computing deploy?
a) Two layered     b) Three layered     c) Four layered     d) Five layered     e) Six layered

18. A word processor would most likely be used to do ___
a) Keep an account of money spent     b) Do a computer search in media center     c) Maintain an inventory     d) Type a biography     e) All the above

19. SDLC stands for?
a) Software Design Life Cycle    b) Software Development Life Cycle     c) System Design Life Cycle
d) System Development Life Cycle     e) None of these

20. When a subroutine is called, the address of the instruction following the CALL instructions
stored in/ on the ___
a) stack pointer     b) accumulator     c) program counter    d) stack     e) pointer

21. What component of .NET includes services used to support web services?
a) Platform     b) Framework     c) Visual Studio     d) System     e) Mather board

22. Which of the following is not one of the four primary focuses of e-government?
a) G2G     b) G2B     c) IG2B     d) IG2G     e) IG2I

23. ____is not a category of EPS.
a) E banking     b) Direct payments     c) Retailing payments     d) Cash on delivery     e) All of these

24. One of the distinguished features of super-computer over other category of computer is ____
a) parallel processing     b) highest accuracy level     c) more speed     d) more capacity     e) less speed

25. Which class is used to control the data being used by application?
a) Document class     b) View class     c) Frame class     d) Application class     e) Software class

26. What is the control unit's function in the CPU?
a) Transfers data to primary storage     b) Stores program instruction     c) Performs logic operations
d) Decodes program instruction     e) Performs logic storage

27. Which of the following is the most common method for online payment?
a) Card based system    b) Cheque based system     c) e cash system     d) All the above     e) None of the above

28. Which of the following is not a product matrix?
a) Size     b) Reliability     c) Productivity     d) Functionality     e) Quality

29. Which of the following transmission systems provide the highest data rate in individual device?
a) Computer bus     b) Telephone lines     c) Voice and mode     d) Lease lines     e) Only voice

30. The most common addressing techniques employed by a CPU is ___
a) Immediate    b) Direct     c) Indirect     d) Register     e) All of the above

31. The key F12 opens a:
a) Save As dialog box    b) Open dialog box     c) Save dialog box     d) Close dialog box     e) Edit dialog box

32. Which of the following signal is not standard RS-232-C signal?
a) VDR     b) RTS     c) CTS     d) DSR     e) DLR

33. The indirect change of the values of a variable in one module by another module is called ___
a) internal change     b) inter-module change     c) side effect     d) side-module update
e) internal effect

34. Operating system is also known as:
a) Database    b) System software    c) Hardware    d) Printer    e) Operating system

35. An error in software or hardware is called a bug. What is the alternative computer jargon for it?
a) Leech    b) Squid    c) Slug     d) Glitch     e) Bug

36. What happens if you press Ctrl + Shift + F8?
a) It activates extended selection    b) It activates the rectangular selection    c) It selects the paragraph on which the insertion line is    d) All of the above    e) None of the above

37. Which of the following is the latest version of Excel?
a) Excel 2000    b) Excel 2002    c) Excel ME    d) Excel 7    e) Excel XP

38. Which of the following statement is correct?
a) Terminal section of a synchronous modem contains the scrambler    b) Receiver section of a synchronous modem contains the scrambler    c) Transmission section of a synchronous modem contains the scrambler    d) Control section of a synchronous modem contains the scrambler
e) None of the above

39. Human beings are referred to as Homo sapiens, which device is called Silico Sapiens?
a) Monitor    b) Hardware     c) Robot    d) Computer     e) Mouse

40. ____ share characteristics with both hardware and software.
a) Operating system    b) Software    c) Data    d) File     e) None

1) a 2) d 3) a 4) a 5) d 6) a 7) d 8) c 9) a 10) d
11) a 12) a 13) b 14) a 15) c 16) b 17) b 18) d 19) b 20) d
21) b 22) c 23) d 24) c 25) a 26) d 27) a 28) c 29) a 30) e
31) a 32) a 33) c 34) b 35) d 36) b 37) e 38) c 39) d 40) a 


ACE – Access Control Entry
ACL – Access Control List
ADO – Active Data Objects
ADSL – Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGP – Accelerated Graphics Port
AI – Artificial Intelligence
ALGOL – Algorithmic Language
ALU – Arithmetic Logic Unit
ANSI – American National Standards Institute
AOL – America Online
API – Application Program Interface
APIPA – Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing
APT – Automatically Programmed Tooling
ARP – Address Resolution Protocol
ARPANET – Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASF – Advanced Streaming Format
ASM – Association for Systems Management
ASP – Active Server Pages
ATAPI – Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface
ATM – Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AUI – Attachment Unit Interface
AVI – Audio Video Interleave

B2B – Business to Business
B2C – Business to Commerce
BASIC – Beginner's All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BCD – Binary Coded Decimal
BDPS – Business Data Processing Systems
BHTML – Broadcast Hyper Text Markup Language
BIOS – Basic Input Output System
BIU – Bus Interface Unit
BMP – Bitmap
BPS – Bytes Per Seconds

CAD – Computer Aided Design
CADD – Computer Added Drafting and Design
CAI – Computer Aided Instructuion
CAM – Computer Aided Manufacturing
CAR – Control Address Register
CASE – Computer Aided Software Engineering
CCIS – Common Channel Interoffice Signaling
CCNA – Cisco Certified Network Associate
CD–WORM – Compact Disc – Write Once Read Many
CD RW – Compact Disc ReWritable
CD – Compact Disc
C-DAC – Centre for Development of Advanced Computing
CDMA – Code Division Multiple Access
CDONTS – Collabaration on Data Objects for Windows NT Server
CDROM – Compact Disc Read Only Memory
CFG – Control Flow Graph
CGI – Common Gateway Interface
CGM – Computer Graphics Metafile
CIDR – Classless Inter–Domain Routing 
CIM– Computer Integrated Manufacture
CISC – Complex Instruction Set Computers
CIX – Commercial Internet Exchange
CLR – Common Language Runtime
CMOS – Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CMS – Content Management System
CMYK – Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key (black)
COBOL – Common Business Oriented Language
COM – Component Object Model
CORBA – Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CPI – Clock Cycle Per Instruction
CPU – Central Processing Unit
CRC – Cyclic Redundancy Check
CRM – Customer Relationship Management
CROM – Control Read Only Memory
CRT – Cathode Ray Tube
CUI – Character User Interface

DAC – Digital to Analog Converter
DAO – Data Access Objects
DARPANET – Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
DAT – Digital Audio Tape
DBA – Data Base Administrator
DBMS – Data Base Management System
DCA – Defence Communication Agency
DCL – Data Control Language
DCOM – Distributed Component Object Model
DCP – Data Communication Processor
DDL – Data Definition Language
DDOS – Distributed Denial of Service
DDP – Distributed Data Processing
DFD – Data Flow Diagram
DFS – Distributed File System
DHCP – Domain Host Configuration Protocol
DHTML – Dynamics Hyper Text Markup Language
DLC – Data Link Control
DLL– Dynamic Link Library
DMA – Direct Memory Access
DML – Data Manipulation Language
DMTF – Distributed Management Test Force
DNA – Distributed Internet Architecture
DNS – Domain Name System
DOM – Document Object Model
DOS – Disk Operating System, Denial Of Service
DPI – Dots Per Inch
DRAM – Dynamic Random Access Memory
DSL – Digital Subscriber Line
DSN – Digital Subscriber Network
DTD – Document Type Definition
DVD – Digital Versatile Disc

E – Electronic
EAROM – Electrically Alterable Read Only Memory
EBCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EDC – Electronic Digital Computer
EDCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EEPROM – Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EFS – Encrypted File System
EJB – Enterprise Java Beans
ENIAC – Electronics Numerical Integrator and Calculator
EPROM – Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EROM – Erasable Read Only Memory
ERP – Enterprise Resource Planning
EULA – End User License Agreement

FAT – File Allocation Table
FDD – Floppy Disk Drive
FDDI – Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FDMA – Frequency Division Multiple Access
FIFO – First In First Out
FLOPS – Floating Point Operations Per Second
FO – Fiber Optics
FORTRAN – Formula Translation
FPS – Frames Per Second
FRAM – Ferro–electric Random Access Memory
FTP – File Transfer Protocol

GB – Giga Bytes
GIF – Graphic Interchange Format
GIGO – Garbage In Garbage Out
GML – General Markup Language
GNU – GNU's Not Unix
GPL – General Public License
GUI – Graphical User Interface

HDD – Hard Disk Drive
HFS – Hierarchical File System
HP – Hewlett Packard
HPC – High Performance Computing
HPFS – High Performance File System
HSR – Horizontal Scan Rate
HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

IBM – International Business Machines
IC – Integrated Circuit
ICMP – Internet Control Message Protocol
ICS – Reduce Instruction Set Computer
ICT – Information and Communication Technology
IDE – Integrated Development Environment
IE – Internet Explorer
IGMP – Internet Group Management Protocol
IIS – Internet Information Server
IL – Intermediate Language
IO – Input Output
IOP – Input Output Processor
IP – Internet Protocol
IPX – Internetworked Packet Exchange
IRAM – Integration Ram
IRC – Internet Relay Chat
IrDA – Infrared Data Association
IRQ – Interrupt Request
ISAPI – Internet Server Application Program Interface
ISDN – Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO – International Standard Organization
ISP – Internet Service Provider
ISR – Interrupt Service Routine
IT – Information Technology
ITPL – Information Technology Park Limited (India)

JCL – Job Control Language
JDBC – Java Data Base Connectivity
JHTML – Java within Hyper Text Markup Language
JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group
JSP – Java Server Pages

KB – Kilo Bytes
KBPS – Kilo Bytes Per Second

L2TP – Layer Two Tunneling Protocol
LAN – Local Area Network
LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
LDAP – Light Weight Directory Access Control
LIFO – Last In First Out
LIPS – Logical Interfaces Per Second
LOC – Lines Of Code
LSI – Large Scale Integration
LSP – Layered Service Provider

 – Media Access Control
MAN – Metropolitan Area Network 
MAU – Multi–station Access Unit
MB – Mega Bytes
MBONE – Multicast Backbone
MBPS – Mega Bytes Per Second
MBR – Master Boot Record
MCP – Microsoft Certified Professional
MCS – Multicast Server
MCSA – Microsoft® Certified Systems Administrator
MCSD – Microsoft® Certified Solution Developer 
MCSE – Microsoft® Certified System Engineer
MDI – Multiple Document Interface
MDS– Microcomputer Development System
MFC – Microsoft Foundation Classes
MFT – Master File Table
MG – Mega Bytes
MICR – MagneticInk Characters Reader
MIDI – Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIMD – Multiple Instruction Multiple Data
MIME – Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MIPS – Millions of Instructions Per Second
MISD – Multiple Instruction Single Data
MODEM – Modulator and Demodulator
MP3 – Motion Pictures Experts Group Layer – 3
MPEG – Motion Pictures Experts Group
MS – MicroSoft
MSDN – MicroSoft Developer Network
MSIIS – Microsoft Internet Information Server
MSIL – Microsoft Intermediate Language
MSMQ – Microsoft Message Queue
MSN – MicroSoft Network
MSRAP – Microsoft Remote Administration Protocol
MSRPC – Microsoft Remote Procedure Call
MTS – Microsoft Transaction Server
MTU – Maximum Transmission Unit
MUDS – MultiUser Dungeons

NAS – Network Attached Storage
NASSCOM – National Association of Software and Service Companies
NCP – Network Control Protocol
NDIS – Network Driver Interface Specification
NDRO – Nondestructive Read Out
NetBEUI – NetBIOS Enhanced User Interface
NIC – National Informatics Centre, 
NIIT – National Institute of Information Technology
NNTP – Network News Transfer Protocol
NOW – Network Of Workstations
NSFNET – National Science Foundation Network
NT (Windows) – New Technology
NTFS – New Technology File System
NTP – Network Time Protocol

OCP – Oracle Certified Professional
OCR – Optical Character Readers
ODBC – Open Data Base Connectivity
OLE – Object Linking and Embedding
OMR – Optical Mark Reader
ONE – Open Network Architecture
OOA – Object Orient Analysis
OOAD – Object Oriented Analysis and Design
OOP – Object Oriented Programming
OOPS – Object Oriented Programming System
OPEN GL – Open Graphics Library
OS – Operating System
OSI – Open System Interconnection

PC – Personal Computer
PCI – Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCMCIA – Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDA – Personal Digital Assistant
PDF – Portable Document Format
PDL – Page Description Language
PDU – Protocol Data Unit
PHP – PHP Hypertext Processor
PIC – Programming Interrupt Control
PILOT – Programmed Inquiry Learning Or Teaching
PLA – Programmable Logic Array
PLC – Programmable Logic Controller
PNG – Portable Network Graphics
PNP – Plug And Play
POP – Post Office Protocol
POST – Power On Self Test
PPP – Peer to Peer Protocol
PPTP – Point To Point Tunneling Protocol
PROM – Programmable Read Only Memory
PS – Post Script
PSN – Processor Serial Number

QoS – Quality of Service

RADSL – RateAdaptive Digital Subscribes Line
RAID – Redundant Array of Independent Disks
RAM – Random Access Memory
RAMDAC – Random Access Memory Digital to Analog Converter
RAS – Remote Access Network
RD RAM – Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
R-DAT – Rotating Digital Audio Tape
RDBMS – Relational Data Base Management System
RDO – Remote Data Objects
RDP – Remote Desktop Protocol
RFC – Request for Comments
RGB – Red Green Blue
RICS – Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RIP – Raster Image Processor
RISC – Reduced Instruction Set Computer
ROM – Read Only Memory
RPC – Remote Procedure Call
RTC – Real Time Clock
RTF – Rich Text Format
RTOS – Real Time Operating System

S-DAT – Stationary Digital Audio Tape
SACK – Selective Acknowledgements
SAM – Security Access Manager
SAP – Service Access Point, Systems Applications Products
SCMP – Software Configuration Management Plan
SCSI – Small Computers Systems Interface
SD RAM – Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SDD – Software Design Description
SDK – Software Development Kit
SDL – Storage Definition Language
SDN – Integrated Service Digital Network
SDRAM – Static Dynamic Random Access Memory
SDSL – Symmetric Digital Subscribes Line
SG RAM – Synchronous Graphics Random Access Memory
SGML – Standard Generalized Markup Language
SIM – Subscriber Identification Module
SIMD – Single Instruction Multiple Data
SISD – Single Instruction Single Data
SIU – Serial Interface Unit
SMP – Symmetric Multi Process
SMS – Short Message Service
SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNA – System Network Architecture
SNAP – Sub Network Access Protocol
SNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol
SNOBOL – String Oriented Symbolic Language
SOAP – Simple Object Access Protocol
SPX – Sequenced Packet Exchange
SQA – Statistical Quality Assurance
SQL – Structured Query Language
SRAM – Static Random Access Memory
SRS – Software Requirements Specification
STP – Shielded Twisted Pair
SVVP – Software Verification and Validation Plan
SW – Software

TAPI – Telephony Application Program Interface
TB – Tera Bytes
TCP – Transmission Control Protocol
TCP/IP – Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
TDI – Transport Data Interface
TDMA – Time Division Multiple Access
TPM – Transactions Processing Monitor
TSR – Terminate and Stay Residents

UDD – User Datagram Protocol
UDP – User Datagram Protocol
UI – User Interface
UML – Unified Modelling Language
UNC – Universal Naming Convention
UNIX – Uniplexed Information and Computer Systems
URL – Universal Resource Locator
USB – Universal Serial Bus
USRT– Universal Synchronous Receiver Transmitted
UTP – Unshielded Twisted Pair

VAN – Virtual Area Network
VAST– Very Small Aperture Terminal
VB – Visual Basic
VC++ – Visual C++
VCD – Video Compact Disc
VDL – View Definition Language
VGA – Video Graphics Array
VHS – Video Home System
VLIW – Very Long Instruction Words
VLSI – Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits
VPN – Virtual Private Network
VRAM – Video Random Access Memory
VRML – Virtual Reality Modelling Language
VS – Visual Studio
VSNL – Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
VVR – Software Validation and Validation Report
VXD – Virtual Device Driver

W3C – World Wide Web Consortium
WAIS – Wide Area Information Servers
WAN – Wide Area Network
WAP – Wireless Application Protocol
WBEM – Web Base Enterprise Management
WDM – Wave Division Multiplexing
WHQL – Windows Hardware Quality Lab
Windows ME – Windows Millennium Edition
Windows NT – Windows New Technology
Windows XP – Windows eXPerienced
WINS – Windows Internet Name Services
WMI – Windows Management Instrumentation
WML – Wireless Markup Language
WORM – Write Once Read Many
WSH – Windows Script Host
WWW – World Wide Web
WYSIWYG – What You See Is What You Get

XHTML – eXtensible Hyper Text Markup Language
XML – eXtensible Markup Language
XSL – eXtensible Style Sheet language

Y2K – Year 2000


ZIF – Zero Insertion Force